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Information

On Arrival

As soon as the plants arrive, unpack and check your order is correct. Roots should not arrive in a dry condition but if they do soak them with water at once. Please Note WITH not IN water. If you do have any queries please contact us.

Heeling In

It is best to plant immediately but if this is not possible the roses can be kept for up to two weeks unopened and in a frost free place. Alternatively you can heel them in by choosing a sheltered part of your garden. Dig a hole large enough to ensure all the roots are covered and plant properly as soon as possible.

Planting Bare-Root

If the roses are to be planted in fresh bed or border, dig over the ground at least three weeks before planting, forking in some Bone Meal (4oz per sq yard) and lime (4oz per sq yard). If the ground is of a clay or sandy structure you can fork in some peat to help establish a good root system. Never plant roses in pure peat. Peat itself is of acid nature and is of no food value to the rose bush.

When planting, dig a hole large enough to hold the roots 12 inch (30cm) sq and 12 inches (30cm) deep. If some of the roots are too long, prune these back rather than doubling them up in the hole. Place the root in the hole and try and keep the union of the understock and rose just slightly below the finished ground level, fill in with soil and add a little extra Bone Meal if you wish around the plant. Tread the plant very firmly with your feet to ensure it has good firm catch.

Planting Containers

Ensure the planting hole is large enough to position the rose and refill with fresh soil. Do not disturb the root ball if at all possible. Water in the bush and continue to make sure there is enough water for the following 2-3 weeks till rose establishes in its new environment. If planting a container rose before May be extra careful as root growth is not complete in the container. A helpful tip is to plant the whole container in the ground until late June then remove then plant as described above.

Old Rose Ground

When replacing roses in an old rose bed, it is absolutely essential that new soil be used in the area where the New Rose is being planted. The Old Rose will have taken all the nourishment out of the soil. If the New Rose survives it will struggle to establish. Ideally some fresh soil from another part of the garden some Lime and Bone Meal added to a one cubic foot hole would be advisable. Plant the rose and fill in with the new mixture of soil. This applies to all categories of roses.

Standard Roses

Standard roses should be planted to a knuckle at the foot of the stem and should have a stake driven into the ground before planting to give support to the plant. The top of the stake should be 3 inches below the union of the rose with the stem to prevent bruising. Always remove suckers from the stem of your standard rose as soon as they appear.

Pruning

When the flowering season is over or no later than November reduce the height of the bush by 1/3rd to help stop wind rock.

This is best done in late March and April. Prune roses severely the first year.

Hybrid Tea and Floribunda should be pruned to approx 4 inches (10cm) from the base, leaving approx 3 eyes. If possible try to select outward facing eyes.

Climbers and Ramblers, prune to about 12 inches (30cm) and tie to wall or fence as the plant grows.

Ground Cover and Shrub Roses trim when necessary removing older shoots.

Standards should be pruned to approx 4 inches (10cm) from the main stem again to above an outward facing eye.

General Care

Fork over your rose beds each season after pruning. At the same time apply some general rose fertiliser to speed up early growth. Organic manure can also be applied as mulch during the winter months helping to protect from the severest of frost and giving the soil some organic nourishment. During the flowering season the old blooms should be removed and another dressing of fertiliser applied about late June.

Pests & Diseases

Pest and diseases are something we don’t like to think of but everyone knows rose bushes are susceptible to blackspot and mildew and green fly just love roses. We recommend “Wettable Sulphur” for Blackspot & Mildew but there are also various fungicides available on the market. For best results begin spaying early in March and alternate products. We recommend that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully. A Winter spray of fungicide can help to clear up potential problems on rose bushes.

Special Note

Rose bushes supplied by us from early April are supplied pruned ready for planting It is important that spring planted bushes are not allowed to dry out after planting.